Important News (Chandrayaan-3) –
India celebrates a triumphant achievement as Chandrayaan-3 achieves a successful soft landing on the moon on 23rd August 2023 . Congratulations on this remarkable feat !
Chandrayaan-3 is a follow-up mission to Chandrayaan-2. To demonstrate the end-to-end capability to land and hover safely on the lunar surface. It consists of Lander and Rover configuration. It will be launched from LVM3 by SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota. The Motor part will bring the lander and rover a distance of 100 kilometers around the Moon. Propulsion module with spectropolarimetry payload for habitable planet (SHAPE). To study spectral measurements and polar metrics of the Earth from lunar orbit.
The Chandra Surface Heat Test (ChaSTE) will look at how objects conduct heat and their temperature. The Moon Shaky Ground Instrument (ILSA) will detect the ground shaking nearby. The Space Telescope (LP) will detect particles in space and how it changes. It houses an array of NASA passive laser retroreflectors for lunar laser range studies.
|SL. No.||Lander Payload||Objectives|
|1||Radio Anatomy of the Moon-Bound Hypersensitive Atmosphere and Ionosphere (RAMBHA) Langmuir Probe (LP)||Measure near-surface plasma density (ions and electrons), and its changes over time|
|2||Chandra Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE)||Make measurements of the thermal properties of the lunar surface near the polar region|
|3||Lunar Seismic Activity Instrument (ILSA)||Measure seismicity around the landing site and delineate the structure of the lunar crust and mantle|
|4||LASER Retroreflector Array (LRA)||Passive experiment to understand the dynamics of the lunar system|
Alpha particle X-ray spectrometer (APXS) and laser induced decay spectroscope (LIBS). To understand what is happening in the area where the plane landed.
|SL. No.||Payload Rover||Objectives|
|1||LASER Induced Deradation Spectroscope (LIBS)||Qualitative and quantitative elemental analysis, chemical composition extraction, and mineralogical inference for understanding Moon surface.|
|2||Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS)||Determine the elemental composition (Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, Fe) of lunar soil and rocks near the landing site.|
“Here’s a glimpse of the essential insights that introduce you to Chandrayaan-3. To delve deeper, head to the ISRO website for a comprehensive exploration.”