Chandrayaan-3 is on its journey to the moon.

Important News (Chandrayaan-3)

India celebrates a triumphant achievement as Chandrayaan-3 achieves a successful soft landing on the moon on 23rd August 2023 . Congratulations on this remarkable feat !

Chandrayaan-3 is a follow-up mission to Chandrayaan-2. To demonstrate the end-to-end capability to land and hover safely on the lunar surface. It consists of Lander and Rover configuration. It will be launched from LVM3 by SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota. The Motor part will bring the lander and rover a distance of 100 kilometers around the Moon. Propulsion module with spectropolarimetry payload for habitable planet (SHAPE). To study spectral measurements and polar metrics of the Earth from lunar orbit.

Chandrayaan-3 – Elements

Lander payloads:

The Chandra Surface Heat Test (ChaSTE) will look at how objects conduct heat and their temperature. The Moon Shaky Ground Instrument (ILSA) will detect the ground shaking nearby. The Space Telescope (LP) will detect particles in space and how it changes. It houses an array of NASA passive laser retroreflectors for lunar laser range studies.

Chandrayaan-3 Lander
SL. No.Lander PayloadObjectives
1Radio Anatomy of the Moon-Bound Hypersensitive Atmosphere and Ionosphere (RAMBHA) Langmuir Probe (LP)Measure near-surface plasma density (ions and electrons), and its changes over time
2Chandra Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE)Make measurements of the thermal properties of the lunar surface near the polar region
3Lunar Seismic Activity Instrument (ILSA)Measure seismicity around the landing site and delineate the structure of the lunar crust and mantle
4LASER Retroreflector Array (LRA)Passive experiment to understand the dynamics of the lunar system

Rover payloads:

Alpha particle X-ray spectrometer (APXS) and laser induced decay spectroscope (LIBS). To understand what is happening in the area where the plane landed.

Chandrayaan-3 Rover -Views
SL. No.Payload RoverObjectives
1LASER Induced Deradation Spectroscope (LIBS)Qualitative and quantitative elemental analysis, chemical composition extraction, and mineralogical inference for understanding Moon surface.
2Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS)Determine the elemental composition (Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, Fe) of lunar soil and rocks near the landing site.

“Here’s a glimpse of the essential insights that introduce you to Chandrayaan-3. To delve deeper, head to the ISRO website for a comprehensive exploration.”

Top 10 historical places in india with pictures

India’s rich history is intricately woven into its remarkable historical sites. Transitioning gracefully from ancient temples to grand forts, each locale narrates captivating stories of bygone eras. Now, as we embark on an enchanting journey, let’s delve into the top 10 historical wonders of India and reveal the fascinating tales they harbor.

1. Taj Mahal, Agra (India): A Monument of Love

Taj Mahal was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal

The epitome of Mughal architecture, the Taj Mahal was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. This ivory-white marble marvel stands as a symbol of eternal love.

2. Jaipur’s Amber Fort (India): A Royal Citadel

the Amber Fort narrates tales of Rajput valor

Perched on a hill, the Amber Fort narrates tales of Rajput valor. Its intricate design, mirrored ceilings, and artistic walls transport visitors to the opulent era of Maharajas.

3. Varanasi’s Ghats (India): Spiritual Serenity

The ghats along the Ganges River in Varanasi

The ghats along the Ganges River in Varanasi offer a sacred experience. Pilgrims gather for spiritual rituals and ceremonies, creating an atmosphere that reflects India’s deep-rooted spirituality.

4. Khajuraho Temples (India): A Dance of Divinity

The UNESCO-listed Khajuraho temples

The UNESCO-listed Khajuraho temples boast intricately carved sculptures that depict divine beings and mortal life, showcasing the intricate fusion of religion and art.

5. Ajanta and Ellora Caves (India): Carved Elegance

Ajanta and Ellora Caves

Hidden within rock formations, these caves display ancient Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu art. The intricate carvings and paintings depict stories from diverse faiths.

6. Fatehpur Sikri (India): Mughal Majesty Frozen in Time

Fatehpur Sikri

Built by Emperor Akbar, this abandoned city near Agra showcases Mughal grandeur. The magnificent architecture tells the tale of a short-lived imperial capital.

7. Konark Sun Temple (India): Architectural Marvel

the Konark Sun Temple in Odisha

Dedicated to the sun god, Surya, the Konark Sun Temple in Odisha is an architectural masterpiece. The intricate carvings and structural ingenuity are a testament to ancient engineering.

8. Hampi’s Ruins (India): Vijayanagara’s Glory

The ruins of Hampi stand as remnants of the Vijayanagara Empire

The ruins of Hampi stand as remnants of the Vijayanagara Empire. The surreal landscape, with its massive boulders and intricate ruins, transports visitors to a bygone era.

9. Sanchi Stupa (India): Buddhist Heritage

The Sanchi Stupa is a significant Buddhist monument India

The Sanchi Stupa is a significant Buddhist monument, embodying the teachings of Lord Buddha. Its serene setting and ancient engravings offer insights into the early spread of Buddhism.

10. Qutub Minar, Delhi (India): Towering Legacy

Kutub Minar Delhi India

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, The Qutub Minar is a towering victory monument that symbolizes Delhi’s historical significance. Its intricate architecture showcases the fusion of various cultures.


India’s historical places encapsulate centuries of culture, faith, and artistic brilliance. Each site tells a unique story, offering a glimpse into the past while connecting us to our heritage. Embarking on a journey to these top 10 historical wonders promises not just a trip through time, but an immersion into India’s diverse and captivating history.